According to the 2012 UNAIDS Report, the number of people living with HIV in Eastern Europe and Central Asia has almost tripled since 2001 and reached an estimated total of 1.4 million in 2011 compared with 970,000 in 2001.
AIDS-related deaths continue to rise in the region. There were an estimated 92,000 AIDS-related deaths in 2011 compared with 76,000 in 2005.
Drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) is also a significant health issue, with approximately 81,000 people in the region with drug-resistant TB (World Health Organization). Most do not receive proper diagnosis and treatment. Malaria is also a health issue that affects countries in Central Asia.
UNDP’s HIV work focuses on: addressing human rights and laws, women and girls, and at risk populations such as injecting drug users, sex workers, men who have sex with men and migrants.