Climate change negotiations
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was signed in 1992 by 194 governments, committing them to address climate change through:
- Enhanced scientific and technological cooperation;
- Assessment of sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals; and
- Policies and measures to mitigate GHGs and promote adaptation to climate change.
Since the adoption of the Convention, Parties have continued to negotiate in order to agree on decisions and conclusions that will advance its implementation. Its Kyoto Protocol adopted emission reduction targets in aggregate of at least five percent below 1990 levels from 2008 to 2012 for developed (“Annex I”) countries.
The Kyoto Protocol had always been viewed as a first step toward deeper and longer term reductions of GHG emissions. In 2007, the Parties to the Convention established an Ad Hoc Group on Further Commitments under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP) to negotiate GHG reductions after 2012, when the Kyoto Protocol’s first commitment period ended. In Doha, in 2012, a second commitment period was agreed (for details and the status of the countries from the region see the summary of the climate talks in Doha below).
The 17th Conference of the Parties (COP17) to the UNFCCC provided the opportunity for countries to take more ambitious steps to cut emissions. All parties agreed to negotiate a new regime for climate change mitigation by 2015 and make it operational by 2020. For this purpose, an Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) started its work in the first half of 2012.
The Durban Platform should lead to the development of "a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force under the UNFCCC applicable to all Parties."
What we do
Over the years, climate change negotiations have become increasingly complex and demanding. UNDP supports countries from the region to ensure that they can: participate effectively in negotiations and identify and carry out follow up actions. This includes:
- Providing advice on climate change policy
- Developing and sharing summaries on each session of climate change negotiations, as well as any new developments
- Developing guidelines on the negotiation process
- Providing training on the status of the negotiations with a focus on the main areas of interest for countries in the region