HIV, Health & Development

According to the 2012 UNAIDS Report, the number of people living with HIV in Eastern Europe and Central Asia has almost tripled since 2001 and reached an estimated total of 1.4 million in 2011 compared with 970,000 in 2001.

AIDS-related deaths continue to rise in the region. There were an estimated 92,000 AIDS-related deaths in 2011 compared with 76,000 in 2005.

Drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) is also a significant health issue, with approximately 81,000 people in the region with drug-resistant TB (World Health Organization). Most do not receive proper diagnosis and treatment. Malaria is also a health issue that affects countries in Central Asia.

UNDP’s HIV work focuses on: addressing human rights and laws, women and girls, and at risk populations such as injecting drug users, sex workers, men who have sex with men and migrants.

More about health in the region

Our Stories

  • Christoph Hamelmann, John Macauley and Anna Boelens

    Leading by example: Greening the health sector
    Health care waste

    While the health sector aims to make and keep us healthy, it is also a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, with potential adverse impacts on human health and sustainable development.more

Video stories

Tajikistan: Living with HIV

What it is like to be from a conservative family, experience violence and contract HIV through blood transfusion? more

Russia: Supporting people living with HIV

Having HIV-positive friends is no reason to stop visiting them. Instead, you can help them like this Russian citizen who decided to support people living with HIV. more

"There's someone by your side to help you." Being a HIV-positive mom in Russia

Sometimes, life can be unfair. Meet Sofia: beaten and rejected by her boyfriend and her family, she lost her job and found out she was HIV-positive. more

Moldova: Sold, sexually abused and infected with HIV

What sounded like a great opportunity turned into a terrible nightmare. Listen to the story of this woman who experienced human trafficking, rape and became HIV-positive. more

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