SDG 14
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The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counter balance the effects of climate change.

Over three billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods. However, today we are seeing 30 percent of the world’s fish stocks overexploited, reaching below the level at which they can produce sustainable yields.

Oceans also absorb about 30 percent of the carbon dioxide produced by humans, and we are seeing a 26 percent rise in ocean acidification since the beginning of the industrial revolution. Marine pollution, an overwhelming majority of which comes from land-based sources, is reaching alarming levels, with an average of 13,000 pieces of plastic litter to be found on every square kilometre of ocean.

The SDGs aim to sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems from pollution, as well as address the impacts of ocean acidification. Enhancing conservation and the sustainable use of ocean-based resources through international law will also help mitigate some of the challenges facing our oceans. 

GOALS IN ACTION

UNDP in Georgia/Ukraine

Saving the Black Sea monster

Our Black Sea is at risk. Its biodiversity will die a slow death if no actions are taken to protect it from human activity. MORE >

UNDP in Belarus

A vital ecosystem 

Through peatland restoration, UNDP is taking climate action and keeping carbon in the ground. MORE >

UNDP in Albania

Albania’s stunning coastal beauty

A formally isolated, unreached spot is now attractive for both tourism and the local fishing industry. MORE >

UNDP in Ukraine

The power of peat

For Ukraine, peat was a relatively cheap and readily available source of fuel and energy. The process drained too much and the unique biodiversity suffered, but now a program is restoring a more sustainable use of the peatlands. MORE >

UNDP Around the world

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