SDG 15
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Human life depends on the earth as much as the ocean for our sustenance and livelihoods. Plant life provides 80 percent of our human diet, and we rely on agriculture as an important economic resource and means of development. Forests account for 30 percent of the Earth’s surface, providing vital habitats for millions of species and important sources for clean air and water; as well as being crucial for combating climate change.

Today we are seeing unprecedented land degradation, and the loss of arable land at 30 to 35 times the historical rate. Drought and desertification is also on the rise each year, amounting to the loss of 12 million hectares and affects poor communities globally. Of the 8,300 animal breeds known, 8 percent are extinct and 22 percent are at risk of extinction.

The SDGs aim to conserve and restore the use of terrestrial ecosystems such as forests, wetlands, drylands and mountains by 2020. Halting deforestation is also vital to mitigating the impact of climate change. Urgent action must be taken to reduce the loss of natural habitats and biodiversity which are part of our common heritage. 

Goals in action

UNDP in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Demining returns land back to the people in Bosnia and Herzegovina

The mines remain a major threat to the locals' lives and activities. Accelerating the demining process 20 years after the war is a priority. MORE >

UNDP in fYR Macedonia

Modeling sustainable farming

After years of unhealthy practices on ground and water, farmers in the Strumica River Basin are now restoring sustainable farming. MORE >


UNDP in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

How are we helping countries to adapt to climate change?

The main aim of our Clima East Pilots Initiative is to help countries in Central Asia, Western CIS and the Caucasus adapt to climate change. MORE >

UNDP in Georgia

In Georgia’s highlands, a family swims against the current

In rural Ajara region, farmers are struggling to survive. However, the Beridze family runs a successful trout farm. Read and see how they are making it work. MORE >

UNDP in Turkey

Supporting agriculture, supporting people

Farmers in rural areas with challenging climates are learning new ways to diversify their land. MORE >


UNDP in Ukraine

The power of peat

For Ukraine, peat was a relatively cheap and readily available source of fuel and energy. The process drained too much and the unique biodiversity suffered, but now a program is restoring a more sustainable use of the peatlands. MORE >

UNDP in Turkey

A hidden danger lurking

Hundreds of tons of chemicals, dangerous to health and the environment, are kept in a storage site. How can they be handled safely? MORE >


UNDP in Azerbaijan

Learning to restore and protect Azerbaijan's farmlands

With EU funding and UNDP support, the Clima East Pilot Project in Azerbaijan is working to teach and establish sustainable pasture management practices, improve the fertility of pastures and forests and prevent soil erosion and landslides. MORE >


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