Climate change negotiations
Climate change requires unprecedented collective action around the world. In 1992, the leaders of the world ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which established stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere as a long-term objective. Recognizing that stronger action was needed, in 1997 the Kyoto Protocol was adopted, which set binding targets to reduce emissions.
The adoption of the historic Paris Agreement was the culmination of years of negotiations. As of January 2018, 174 out of 197 countries had ratified it, including all countries in the Europe and Central Asian region.
The Paris Agreement requires all Parties fulfil their “nationally determined contributions” (NDCs) and report regularly on their emissions and implementation efforts.
Throughout the negotiations, countries are increasingly linking climate change to other development issues such as human rights, disasters and governance. Thus, enormous pressure is mounting on negotiators to achieve the best possible outcome for their own countries.
UNDP provides support to governments and negotiators from the region to participate effectively in the climate change negotiating process. To this end, we:
- Provide tailored advice during UNFCCC sessions and beyond;
- Assess the implications of climate change negotiations for the region;
- Update decision-makers regarding the negotiations;
- Train country negotiators; and
- Develop guidelines considering Conference of Parties decisions.