Disaster risk reduction
The countries in the Europe and Central Asia region have a long history of devastating disasters. Although countries have made progress in reducing risks associated with emergencies and disasters, in 2019 alone, 1,180 people lost their lives and 59,401 people saw their dwellings damaged due to disasters with USD 514 million in direct economic losses attributed to disasters.
Almost all types of disaster are present in ECIS region, including earthquakes, floods, landslides and extreme temperatures. While disaster events are inevitable, their actual impact is directly linked to poor development choices that increase vulnerabilities and expose people and communities to risk.
UNDP supports the countries of Europe and Central Asia in four thematic priorities of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (2015-2030): understanding disaster risk; disaster governance; investing in economic and social resilience; and improving response and recovery. UNDP works with national and local governments so they can develop practical measures to implement the Sendai Framework while ensuring disaster risk reduction becomes a national development priority. We help countries ensure that the capacities, skills and resources are in place to prevent, mitigate and prepare for disasters.
Addressing both hydro-meteorological and geophysical hazards, we work to:
- Put in place policies and institutions that guide and enable risk-informed development
- Strengthen community preparedness and mitigate urban disaster risks
- Establish early warning systems
- Strengthen infrastructure
- Introduce international standards in national disaster damages and losses accounting systems
- Promote a “Building back better” approach in recovery and response.
We believe that by undertaking risk-informed and resilient development, decades of hard work and costly development gains can be protected, and lives and livelihoods can be saved.
UNDP also co-hosts with UNICEF the regional coordination of the Capacity for Disaster Reduction Initiative (CADRI) activities in the region, mobilizing UN and non-UN agencies in the region. CADRI is a global partnership composed of 20 organizations working towards the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals by providing countries with capacity development services to help them reduce climate and disaster risk and connecting them to pool expertise.
CADRI has a strong history of engagement in Europe and Central Asia, starting with the support of the regional disaster risk management programme implemented by UNDP, the World Bank, UNDRR and WMO. In the region the CADRI has engaged successfully in Kosovo (as per UN resolution 1244), Armenia, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, North Macedonia, Georgia, Moldova, Georgia, and Turkey.