Climate and
Disaster Resilience

Countries in Eastern Europe, the Southern Caucasus and Central Asia face water and energy shortages and a broad spectrum of climate-related and geophysical disasters.

Economies in the region are characterized by high levels of energy intensity and inefficiency, relying on fossil fuels for over 80 percent of their energy needs. Together, they represent 10 percent of all global energy consumption.

From Serbia to Tajikistan, climate change will exacerbate current pressure on natural resources and ecosystems.

Temperature increases in the southern belt of the region are ahead of global trends. With more frequent and severe meteorological hazards, rural and urban populations across the entire region are likely to become more vulnerable, while the overall costs of adaptation are projected to increase dramatically.

The region’s challenge will be to shift to a low-carbon development model, while at the same time shielding people from the consequences of catastrophic climate change and disasters.

Farmers in Turkmenistan are using new agriculture practices to adapt to climate change. Photo: UNDP Turkmenistan

What we do

Together with the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the Green Climate Fund and other multilateral and bilateral partners, UNDP is working to boost investments in clean energy, sustainable use of natural resources, disaster risk reduction, adaptation and ultimately, climate resilience.

What we have accomplished

  • Thanks to our ClimaEast programme, over 192,000 people in Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine, Russia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Georgia are less vulnerable to the consequences of climate change. 
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Turkey, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan developed national policies for low-emission and climate resilient development. 
  • Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Serbia, North Macedonia developed DRR policies at national and community level and strengthened their resilience to disaster risks.  
  • Over 40,000 farmers and shepherds in Turkmenistan adopted efficient on-farm water and land use technologies to improve their resilience to climate-induced water scarcity.
  • Cities are developing climate change strategies: the latest being North Macedonia’s “Resilient Skopje”.

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