SDG 12
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Achieving economic growth and sustainable development requires that we urgently reduce our ecological footprint by changing the way we produce and consume goods and resources. Agriculture is the biggest user of water worldwide, and irrigation now claims close to 70 percent of all freshwater for human use.

The efficient management of our shared natural resources, and the way we dispose of toxic waste and pollutants, are important targets to achieve this goal. Encouraging industries, businesses and consumers to recycle and reduce waste is equally important, as is supporting developing countries to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption by 2030.

A large share of the world population is still consuming far too little to meet even their basic needs.  Halving the per capita of global food waste at the retailer and consumer levels is also important for creating more efficient production and supply chains. This can help with food security, and shift us towards a more resource efficient economy. 

Goals in action

UNDP in Montenegro

Making carbon-neutral tourism possible

A web-based carbon calculator is helping eco-sensitive tourists reducing their carbon footprint.



UNDP in Europe and Central Asia

Four easy ways to become a champion of responsible consumption

What can we do, in our daily lives, to help reducing waste? MORE >

UNDP in Azerbaijan

Father mountain provides

On the Caucacus mountains, families are turning beekeeping into a wider businesses and saving the environment in the process. MORE >

UNDP in Europe and Central Asia

Companies are producing sustainably

Global trends present both risks and opportunities, requiring companies to rethink how to source and produce in a sustainable way. MORE >


UNDP in Turkmenistan

A desert, a mountain, and an oasis

Residents of three Turkmen communities are working to increase their resilience to climate change by implementing water efficiency and irrigation measures and, developing water user associations benefiting over 30,000 farmers. MORE >

UNDP in Kosovo

In Kosovo, frost threatens an old tradition

Longer winters and climate change are threatening the livelihood of many local beekeepers. How are they tackling this issue? MORE >


UNDP in Europe and Central Asia

Can we produce meat without destroying our planet?

The world’s meat production is growing at an unprecedented rate and the driving force behind this surge is a combination of population growth, rising incomes and urbanization. MORE >

UNDP Around the world