Inclusive Growth

Future of Work

Social, technological and climate change is accelerating the uncertainty, creating tectonic changes in the world of work.

Technological advances – artificial intelligence, automation and robotics will create new jobs, but those who lose their jobs in this transition may be denied the possibility to seize the new opportunities. Today’s skills will not match the jobs of tomorrow and newly acquired skills may quickly become obsolete.

The greening of economies, adoption of sustainable practices and clean technologies will create millions of new jobs. but many jobs in carbon- and resource-intensive industries may disappear.

COVID-19 pandemic accentuated some significant fractures of labour markets and social protection systems. Informal work is widely spread, and a large  share of essential workers are not covered with health and unemployment insurance or other forms of social protection. Gig-work, digital workplace platforms and other non-standard forms of employment are emerging and home-based work is likely to become the “new-normal” in the post-COVID context.

Changes in demographics are also significant, placing a pressure on labour markets and social security systems. Some parts of the region see a trend of expanding youth population,  while the population in some other countries is ageing.

A comprehensive and decisive action by national, local and private sector actors is required to seize the  opportunities created by the countries’ commitments to pursue the transformative  green and digitalization agenda to close gender gaps and to improve the quality of jobs and working lives of men and women.

Creating the first protected marine area in Albania means development can be sustainable for tourism and fishing industries.
Businesses in Uzbekistan and Central Asia have grown their business in both employees and exports, with the support of the Aid for Trade program.
A dairy factory in Kyrgyzstan not only generates new business but gives local farmers an opportunity to sell their milk.
In areas that border conflict divides, like the Shida Karli region of Georgia, UNDP gives security, infrastructure and vocational training support.

UNDP will support countries in the region to:

  • Design and deliver comprehensive national development policies and employment strategies, which tackle the changing nature of future of work;
  • Strengthen the capabilities of institutions to support people through future of work transitions
  • Support education and  training institutions as well as employers to build an ecosystem for lifelong learning, upskilling and re-skilling of the workforce, by leveraging the potentials of online skills development platforms;
  • Promote policies, which diversify markets and support job-rich and just transition to green economy;
  • Strengthen capabilities of public employment and social services to reach the vulnerable in order to promote more inclusive labour markets;
  • Support the development of conducive ecosystem for promoting innovation and entrepreneurship in MSMEs;
  • Promote private sector financing to support digital and green transformation of MSMEs,
  • Support women’s economic empowerment, by promoting women’s entrepreneurship and investment in skills development to close gender based digital divide;
  • Support evidence base for promotion of investment in public care services and policies and programmes that foster the sharing of unpaid care work and family friendly workplace .


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